Hypertension also known as High Blood Pressure sometimes called Arterial is a chronic medical conditions in which the blood pressure in arteries is elevated.
Most people are unaware of the evils that this can cause . Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases your risk of serious health problems, including heart attack and stroke.
Blood pressure has two measurements, Systolic and Diastolic which depends on whether the Heart muscle is contracting (systole) or relax between beats (Diastole) this equal to a maximum and minimum pressure respectively.
Normal blood pressure at rest is within the range of 100 to 140mmHg systolic (Top
reading) and 60 to 90mmHg Diastolic (Bottom reading).
High Blood Pressure is when its above 140/90mmHg at separate interval on two or more independent measurements.
Hypertension is classified as either primary (essential) hypertension or secondary hypertension. About 90 to 95% of cases are categorized as primary hypertension which has no obvious underlying medical cause. Secondary hypertension is cause by condition that affect the Kidneys, Arteries, Heart or Endocrine systems
So now you know what Hypertension is , there are lots of things that you and i don’t know can be caused by hypertension.
So Here 5 Ways Hypertension wrecks havoc with your health
1.Kills Your Heart
The heart is what makes you and i alive and breathing .Hypertension then thickens and causes damage to the lining of the blood vessels of the heart.
When this damage occurs , which is a sort of injury , the blood vessels clots and with time block flow of blood supply to the heart.
This blockage of blood reduce the efficiency of the heart and also damage its tissues leading to angina (chest pain). So sometimes patients with BP complaining of chest pain needs to be rushed for immediate examination.
Also when the blood pressure is increased / rate at which blood is pumped increases , it also increases the workload of the heart.
This causes thickening of its muscle wall especially the left ventricle (left ventricular hypertrophy)which in turn compromises the heart’s ability to pump enough blood to the different organs eventually leading to heart failure.
2. Blood Vessels Becomes Weak
Hypertension causes the wall of the blood vessels to lose their elasticity and become firm or hard, a condition called arteriosclerosis.
If this continues and is persistent , the walls of your artery becomes weak and in process rupture which most times leads to death ..
3. High Risk Of Stroke
Stroke is another way Hypertension Destroys the body . It increases the risk of brain hemorrhage , known as stroke by almost 10 times.
Do you know that even if your Blood pressure is slightly high , you are prone to having stroke.
Hypertension / high BP is the culprit for almost all cases of Heart attacks & Strokes today.
This happens when there is a high than normal rate of blood being pumped which weakens the small vessels in the brain. If continuous , the pressure can cause the vessels to rupture.
Do you know that sleep and hypertension are linked … Don’t be so surprised.
According to research, people with high blood pressure are more likely to have obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), a condition that causes interrupted breathing during sleep leading to disrupted sleep and daytime tiredness.
5. Sometimes Leads to Blindness
Your eyes may pay the price too. If you are hypertensive, the possibility of suffering from dry eyes increases. Blood vessels in the eye (retinal vessels) are narrowed and the vision can get impaired leading to retinopathy and eventually blindness.